Registrato: 18/09/18 11:54
|ALGIERS , Sept. 28 (Xinhua) -- Algeria's fiscal deficit will reach 1,113 billion dinars (about 99 billion U.S. dollars) by the end of 2017, the official Algerian Press Service (APS) reported Thursday.
The APS quoted Faisal Tadinit, the general director of the finance ministry, who made the remarks in the Finance and Budget Committee of the People's National Assembly (Lower House) on Thursday.
Tadinit explained that the decline in oil prices since mid-2014 has had a significant impact on the low fiscal revenues.
In spite of this , the government is continuing its efforts in the field of public investment to keep the economic growth and employment rate at acceptable levels, which has led to a high deficit.
Tadinit said that a range of monetary and financial instruments had been used to mobilize additional resources.
Algerian Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia admitted on Sept. 21 that the North African nation is facing a difficult financial situation.
He said the public treasury will turn to the central bank, denying claims that such a measure would cause the currency to depreciate and inflation.
Large flower terrace gleams on Tian'anmen Square in Beijing
Lanzhou-Chongqing railway to open to traffic on Sept. 29
Ceremonies held around China to celebrate birthday of Confucius
Japanese PM attends ceremony marking China's upcoming National Day
Four pandas from SW China make debut in NE China's Shenyang
Modern manufacturing, transport help six Chinese provinces develop fast
A look at Kantuman Bazaar in China's Xinjiang
Scenery of terraced fields in Houyuan Village, China's Fujian
Home > LandscapingWho Knew Home Landscaping For Energy Conservation Had This Effect?
Posted by nick_niesen in Home on November 1st , 2010
If you have been thinking about how you would like to cut your home energy costs, you might want to take a second look at your home landscaping. This is an area you may not have even thought of. Did you know energy-efficient home landscaping can reduce your household's energy consumption for heating and cooling by as much as 25 percent.!That's staggering, isn't it? Proper placement of trees, shrubs, vines , grasses, and hedges lets you modify the microclimate around your home to maximize shade during the summer and reduce wind chill during the winter. Energy-efficient home landscaping is one of the best investments you can make, because aside from its potential to increase the resale value of your property, it can generate enough savings to return your initial investment in less than eight years. It is not surprising then that more homeowners than ever are implementing energy-conserving home landscaping ideas on their property. So where can we begin with this exciting new landscaping adventure? I hope the following information will be of help to you.
Develop a Home Landscaping Plan for Energy Efficiency
There are countless home landscaping strategies for energy conservation, but not all of them may be appropriate for your property and climate zone. Before you plant those evergreens in your backyard , make an assessment of the comfort and energy shortcomings of your current home landscaping. Things like the property's microclimate, house location, and the presence of surrounding structures will influence your energy-efficient home landscaping plan. Microclimate is the climate immediately surrounding your home, and along with the regional climate, it helps determine which plants and trees will thrive and provide the best energy-saving benefit to your home landscaping. Your home's location affects your dwelling's exposure to the sun , wind, and water, consequently shaping your home landscaping needs. Nearby buildings, walls, trees , and bodies of water can produce significant climatic effects that would impact your home landscaping strategies. A thorough analysis of your property's features enables you to devise an energy-efficient home landscaping scheme that addresses your needs and goals.
Landscape to Maximize Shade
Properly planned home landscaping can reduce your air-conditioning costs in the summer by providing shade from the hot morning and afternoon sun. Deciduous trees (trees that shed their leaves in winter) provide shade in the summer when its leaves are in full bloom and warm the home in winter by letting low-angle winter sun filter through its bare branches. Home landscaping that maximizes shade can reduce temperature inside the home by as much as 8 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Would you think of shading your air-conditioner through home landscaping because that increases the unit's efficiency. In addition, shading the ground and pavement with trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants reduces surrounding air temperatures. Other heat-reducing home landscaping ideas include building a trellis for climbing vines to shade a patio and planting a row of shrubs to shade a driveway.
Landscaspe for Wind Protection
Home landscaping to divert the flow of cold winds helps cut down your home heating costs in the winter. Trees, shrubs , bushes, walls, and fences make effective windbreaks for winter-protected home landscaping. You can achieve adequate wind protection through home landscaping by planting evergreen trees and shrubs along the north and northwest areas of your property. Windbreaks can decrease wind speed for a distance as much as 30 times its height, although maximum wind protection occurs at a distance of two to five times the mature height of windbreaks. For optimal wind protection, make sure that the foliage density on the windward side of your property is 60 percent. A well-designed home landscaping provides energy savings year-round. Enjoy the warmth of the winter sun by not planting evergreens too close to the south side of your home. Shrubs , bushes and vines planted close to your house create dead air spaces that insulate your home .